List of One-Party Regimes


This list summarizes the major one-party regimes in world history as well as the periods of their dictatorship. The commencement time of a one-party system refers to the time when the party seized power or banned other political parties whereas the end time refers to the time when the party lost power or declared the end of one-party rule.

CountriesRuling Parties and the Periods of their Dictatorship
MongoliaPeople's Party (1921.2.15-1924.8), People's Revolutionary Party (1924.8-1990.5.10)
Far Eastern RepublicRussian Social Democratic Workers's Party (1920.4.6-1922.11.15)
ChinaNationalist Party (Mainland China: 1928.10.3-1937.9.23; Taiwan: 1949.12.8-1987.7.15), Communist Party (1949.10.1- )
[North] KoreaWorkers Party of North Korea (1948.9.9-1949.6.30); Workers Party (1949.6.30- );
JapanImperial Rule Assistance Association (1940.10.12-1945.6)
[North] Viet Nam-Viet NamIndochinese Communist Party(1945.8.20-1951.2), Workers' Party(1951.2-1976.12.20), Communist Party(1976.12.20- )
LaosPeople's Revolutionary Party (1975.12.2- )
CambodiaCommunist Party (1975.4.17-1979.1.7), People's Revolutionary Party (1979.1.7-1991.10.18), People's Party (1991.10.18-1993.6.14)
BurmaParty of the Socialist Program (1962.7.4-1988.9.11)
BangladeshPeasants, Workers and People's League (1975.8.5-.11.6)
BukharaCommunist Party (1920.10-1925.2.17)
AfghanistanPeople's Democratic Party-Khalq Faction (1978.4.30-1979.12.27), People's Democratic Party-Parcham Faction (1979.12.27-1990.6), Fatherland Party (1990.6-1992.4.16)
KhwarizmCommunist Party (1920.4.30-1925.2.17)
TurkmenCommunist Party (1925.2-.5.13)
UzbekCommunist Party (1924.12.5-1925.5.13)
TurkmenistanCommunist Party (1991.10.27-.12.16), Democratic Party (1991.12.16-2008.9.26)
GeorgiaCommunist Party (1921.2.25-1922.3.12)
TranscaucasusCommunist Party (1922.3.12-.12.30)
AzerbaijanCommunist Party (1920.4.28-1922.3.12)
ArmeniaCommunist Party (1920.11.20-1922.3.12)
TurkeyPeople's Party (1923-1924.11), Republican People's Party (1924.11-1946)
IraqSocialist Arab Rebirth Party (1968.7.17-2003.4.9)
SyriaArab Liberation Movement (1953.7.11-1954.2.25), Socialist Arab Rebirth Party (1972.3- )
[Southern] YemenSocialist Party (1978.10.11-1990.5.22)
Russia-USSRCommunist Party (Bolshevik) (1918.3-1925.12.18), All-Union Communist Party (Bolshevik) (1925.12.18-1952.10.5), Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1952.10.5-1990.2.7)
UkraineCommunist Party (1921.5.7-1922.12.30)
ByelorussiaCommunist Party (1919.1.1-.2.27;1920.8.1-1922.12.30)
LithuaniaNationalist Union (1936.2.6-1940.6.15)
EstoniaFatherland Union (1935.2-1940.6.17)
PolandUnited Workers' Party (1948.12.20-1989.4.7)
DanzigNational Socialist German Worker's Party (1937-1939.9.1)
SlovakiaPeople's Party (1939.3.14-1945.4.3)
CzechoslovakiaCommunist Party (1948.6.14-1989.11.29)
HungaryParty of the Hungarian Workers (1949.8.20-1956.11.1), Socialist Workers' Party (1956.11.1-1989.10.6)
RomaniaNational Renasisance Front (1938.12.15-1940.6.22), Party of the Nation (1940.6.22-.9.14), Iron Guard (1940.9.14-1941.1.23), Workers' Party (1948.2-1965.7), Communist Party (1965.7-1989.12.22)
BulgariaPeople's League (1934.5.19-1935.1.22), Workers' Party (1946.9.15-1948.12.18), Communist Party (1948.12.18-1990.1.15)
CroatiaUstasha (1941.4.10-1945.5.6)
YugoslaviaCommunist Party (1945.11.29-1952.11.7), League of Yugoslav Communists (1952.11.7-1990.5.26)
AlbaniaFascist Party (1939.4.11-1943.9.9), Communist Party (1946.1.11-1948.11), Workers' Party (1948.11-1990.12.11)
GermanyNational Socialist German Workers' Party (1933.7.14-1945.5.1)
[East] GermanySocialist Unity Party (1949.10.7-1989.11.13)
AustriaFatherland Front (1934-1938.3.11)
ItalyNational Fascist Party (1926.10.7-1943.7.25)
San MarinoFascist Party (1926-1943.7.27), Republican Fascist Party (1944.4.4-.11.16)
SpainPhalange Party (1939.4.1-1956), National Movement (1956-1975.11.22)
PortugalNational Union (1933.2-1974.4.25)
Egypt-United Arab RepublicArab Socialist Union (1962.12-1976.3)
LibyaArab Socialist Union (1971.6-1977.3.2)
TunisiaNeo-Destour Party (1957.8.30-1964.3), Destourien Socialist Party (1964.3-1981.7)
AlgeriaFront for National Liberation (1963.9-1977.10), Front for National Liberation Party(1977.10ów1988.11), Front for National Liberation (1988.11ów1989.7)
SomaliaRevolutionary Socialist Party (1979.9-1991.1.27)
DjiboutiPeople's Rally for Progress (1981.10-1992.9.4)
EthiopiaWorkers' Party (1984.9-1990.3.7)
EritreaPeople's Front for Democracy and Justice (1994.2- )
[Eastern] SudanSocialist Union (1972.1-1985.4.6)
ChadProgressive Party (1962.2-1973.9), National Movement for the Cultural and Social Revolution (1973.9-1975.4.13), National Union for Independence and Revolution (1984.6-1990.12.1)
Central AfricaMovement for the Social Evolution of Black Africa (1962.12-1981.2), Democratic Rally (1987.2-1991.7)
CameroonNational Union (1966.9.1-1985.3.24), People's Democratic Rally (1985.3.24-1990.12)
NigerProgressive Party (1959-1974.4.15), National Movement for the Development of Society (1989.9-1990.11)
Upper VoltaDemocratic Union (1960.8.5-1966.1.4)
MaliDemocratic Union of the Malian People (1979.3-1991.3.26)
MauritaniaPeople's Party (1961.12-1978.7.10)
TogoUnity Party (1962.1ów1963.1.13), Rally of the Togolese People (1969.11.30-1990.10)
GhanaConvention People's Party (1964.1-1966.2.24)
Dahomey-BeninDemocratic Union (1961.4-1963.10.27), Popular Revolutionary Party (1975.11.30-1990.12)
Ivory CoastDemocratic Party (1960.8.7-1990.4)
GuineaDemocratic Party (1958.10.2-1984.4.3)
SenegalProgressive Union (1963.3-1976.3)
Sierra LeoneAll People's Congress (1978.6-1991.8)
Guinea-BissauAfrican Independence Party of Guinea and Cape Verde (1973.9.24-1991.5)
Cape VerdeAfrican Independence Party of Guinea and Cape Verde (1975.7.5-1981.1), African Party of Independence of Cape Verde (1981.1-1990.9)
RwandaRevolutionary Movment for National Development (1978.12-1991.4), Repulican Movment for National Democracy and Development (1991.4-.5)
BurundiUnion of National Progress (1966.11.28-1992.3)
TanzaniaRevolutionary State Party (1977.4-1992.4)
UgandaPeople's Congress (1969.12-1971.1.25)
KenyaAfrican National Union (1982.6-1991.12)
[West] CongoNational Revolutionary Movement (1964.7-1969.12.31), Labour Party (1969.12.31-1990.7)
GabonDemocratic Bloc (1964.2-1968.3), Democratic Party (1968.3-1990.4)
[East] Congo-ZairePopular Revolutionary Movement (1967.5-1990.4.24), Alliance of Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Congo (1997.5.17-2003.6.30)
Equatorial GuineaNational United Party (1970.7-1972.7), Worker's National United Party (1972.7-1979.8.3), Democratic Party (1986.12.23-1991.8)
Sao TomeLiberation Movement (1975.12.11-1990.8)
AngolaPopular Liberation Movement (1975.11.11-1977.12), Popular Liberation Movement-Labour Party (1977.12-1991.3)
MalawiMalawi Congress Party (1966.7.6-1993)
ZambiaUnited National Independence Party (1973.8.25-1990.12)
MozambiqueLiberation Front (1975.6.25-1977.2), Liberation Front Party (1977.2-1990.11)
VendaNational Party(1986.8-1990.4.5)
MadagascarVanguard of the Malagasy Revolution (1976.3.19-1990.3)
ComorosUnion for Progress (1983.5-1989.11.26)
SeychellesProgressive Front of the Seychelles People (1979.3-1991)
CubaIntegrated Revolutionary Organizations (1961.7-1962.5), United Party of the Cuban Socialist Revolution (1962.5-1965.10), Communist Party (1965.10- )

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